Value Labels¶
Description¶
Value labels associate character labels to possible values of an encoded survey item. Value labels are represented as objects of class “value.labels”.
Value labels of an item can be obtained using labels(x)
and can be associated to items and to vectors using labels(x) < value
Value labels also can be updated using the +
and 
operators.
Usage¶
labels(object,...)
labels(x) < value
Arguments¶
object

any object.
...

further arguments for other methods.
x

a vector or “item” object.
value

an object of class “value.labels” or a vector that can be coerced into an “value.labels” object or NULL
Examples¶
x < as.item(rep(1:5,4),
labels=c(
"First" = 1,
"Second" = 2,
"Third" = 3,
"Fourth" = 4,
"Don't know" = 5
),
missing.values=5,
annotation = c(
description="test"
))
labels(x)
Values and labels:
1 'First'
2 'Second'
3 'Third'
4 'Fourth'
5 'Don't know'
labels(x) < labels(x)  c("Second"=2)
labels(x)
Values and labels:
1 'First'
3 'Third'
4 'Fourth'
5 'Don't know'
labels(x) < labels(x) + c("Second"=2)
labels(x)
Values and labels:
1 'First'
2 'Second'
3 'Third'
4 'Fourth'
5 'Don't know'
puvl < getOption("print.use.value.labels")
options(print.use.value.labels=FALSE)
x
Item 'test' (measurement: nominal, type: integer, length = 20)
[1:20] 1 2 3 4 *5 1 2 3 4 *5 1 2 3 4 *5 1 2 3 4 *5
options(print.use.value.labels=TRUE)
x
Item 'test' (measurement: nominal, type: integer, length = 20)
[1:20] First Second Third Fourth *Don't know First Second Third Fourth ...
options(print.use.value.labels=puvl)